The Red Haired Woman by Orhan Pamuk – The Battle between Fathers and Sons
25th August, 2017
A mishap during his younger days haunts the protagonist in this novel about fathers, sons and how stories merge into reality.
Cem Celik is a high school student, working as an apprentice to a well digger, Master Mahmut, in Ongoren in the 1980s. He finds love in a beautiful red-haired older woman and care in a father-like figure to replace the birth father who abandoned him. However an accident that has disastrous consequences causes him to flee from the place. But the memory of the red haired woman and Ongoren haunts him throughout his life.
East vs West; Fathers vs Sons
The Red Haired woman compares the two ancient myths that are milestones in the literary growth of two different civilizations – Sophocle’s Oedipus Rex, a story of patricide, and Ferdowsi’s story of Rostam and Sohrab, a story of filicide. In the Greek myth, Oedipus marries his mother and kills his father, unaware of the fact that they are his parents. When he comes to know the truth, he is shattered. In the Persian story, Rostam meets his son, Sohrab, on a battlefield and kills him to maintain his reputation. It is only later he realizes that Sohrab was his own son. It was very interesting to see the comparisons between the two ingrained in the main plot, which I attributed to Orhan being a Professor of Comparative Literature.
There are different fathers in the book – the one who abandons family; the one who becomes like a father; the one who has a father-like approach to his business and the one who misunderstands. I loved how the different forms of fatherhood portrayed themselves in the different characters.
Your usual Pamuk novel
The Red Haired woman has your usual Pamuk ingredients – a confused state in terms of identity and belonging, clashes between values of East and the West, themes of urbanization and so on. There is an atmospheric fog that engulfs you from the first few chapters. This novel also lingers on Istanbul, the conflict between modernization and the traditional essence of Turkey and the dissension in the country’s political front.
But slightly disappointing
I have loved the fact that Pamuk writes for an intelligent reader; a reader who is able to read between the lines and think on his own. But in this novel, he seems scared that the reader might not get the depth of comparison between Firdowsi’s Shahnameh and Sophocle’s Greek epic. So he explains. This made the book seem more like a lecture than a novel in some portions. And often the repeated explanations which aimed at emphasizing the comparisons did more harm than good.
The book goes into a whirlwind of repeatedly alluding to the two epics and how the course of the protagonist’s life compares with them. This felt lumpy at many places.
Moreover this book has lesser number of lyrical sentences than Pamuk’s usual works, which dulled my experience a bit. In the books that I have read by the author, a character named Orhan appears somewhere in the novel and he is the one who knows the whole story. Finding this Orhan as I read is my guilty pleasure. Since I have read less than 50% of Pamuk’s novels, I cannot authoritatively say that the character with the said name appears in every novel of his. But I was expecting an Orhan to make an appearance in this one and he did not.
This novel is crammed with literary merits. If you are someone who enjoys symbolisms in books, this is the book for you. The urbanization of Ongoren which makes it seem like part of the city of Istanbul is synonymous with Cem’s past catching up with him. I loved how Pamuk gave a voice to the red haired woman in the last part of the novel where she talks about love, the colour of her hair and the men whose lives intersected with hers.
Pamuk paints a vivid picture of the emotional trauma of the characters – the protagonist’s discord with his birth father, his obsession with Sohrab and Rostam of the epics, his childless marriage and the fear and guilt that gnaws him throughout life.
Final Verdict :
I enjoyed the book. But I also missed that distinct ‘Pamukness’ that I was craving for. I would recommend the book if you are a Pamuk fan. But this isn’t a good introduction to the remarkable novelist that he is.
PS: I have not read a lot of novels by Orhan Pamuk. But Snow and The Museum of Innocence are great places to start.
Title : The Red Haired Woman
Author : Orhan Pamuk; Translator : Ekin Oklap
Publisher : Hamish Hamilton
Publication: 2017 (Originally in 2016)
Language : English
Pages : 253
Rating : 3.5/5
Disclaimer : Much thanks to Penguin India for a copy of the book. All opinions are my own.
Do you enjoy reading Pamuk’s novels? Which is your favourite?